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Caused by the human papilloma virus (HPV).
About a third of the 80 types of HPV affect genital tissue
– Some strains cause cervical cancer, and some genital warts.
Usually sexually transmitted.
Incubation period can be eight months or even longer.
Any age group may be affected, but genital warts are more common in the young and the sexually active.
The warts are fleshy pick, may be pointed, papular or macular, and may occur singly or in clusters.
Usually painless, but are occasionally itchy or tender.
The warts may bleed after intercourse.
The vulva, penis, cervix, vagina, perineum and perinal region are the areas that are usually affected, but lesions can occur on the face and mouth.
Genital warts in children raise concerns about the possibility of sexual abuse.
Genital warts are often associated with other sexually transmitted Infections, so full screening is advisable.
Colposcopy, protoscopy or histology may be needed.
Laboratory tests may identify HPV DNA in latent cased.
A cervical smear may pick up changes in cervical intraepithelial neoplasia that require follow – up.
Untreated warts usually grow and spread, but occasionally resolve spontaneously.
The patient should use condoms in any new sexual relationship.
Treatment aims to destroy the warts but recurrence rates are high.
Podophyllotoxin or podophyllin paint must be applied weekly by a doctor or nurse.
With instruction, men can apply podophyllotoxin to penile warts.
Freezing with liquid nitrogen or nitrous oxide every three weeks is an alternative.
Surgical removal under general anaesthetic may be needed if the warts are extensive.
Genital Warts Free Images:
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