Clubfoot occurs due to calcaneotalar-navicular complex mal-alignment. The deformities can be easily remembered by the mnemonic CAVE – Cavus Adductus Varus Equinus.
Clubfoot is a primary hindfoot deformity. Hindfoot is in varus and equinus.
Neuromuscular or Syndromic
The foot is normal foot. The altered position is due to deformed position in utero. This type of clubfoot is flexible on examination.
The clubfoot is of variable severity. Incidence 1/1000. Etiology is multi factorial. It has been postulated that it is due to the effect of environmental factors on a genetically susceptible host. Male:Female ratio 2:1. about fifty percent of congenital clubfoot cases have it bilaterally.
Neuromuscular or Syndromic:
This type of clubfoot is difficult to treat, common in patients with myelodysplasia and arthrogryposis.
Abnormal tarsal morphology(plantar and medial deviation of the head and neck of the talus. Abnormal relationship between tarsal bones in all three planes.
Clubfoot Powerpoint Presentations:
Congenital Talipes Equino-Varus (Congenital Clubfoot)
Arthrogryposis and Amyoplasia
Pediatric Foot Deformities
Easy Skeletal System – PowerPoint
Orthopedic Physical Assessment
Nursing Management: Musculoskeletal Problems
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